Symptoms and Causes of Bartholin’s Cyst
A Bartholin’s Cyst is a common medical issue in women, although it isn’t spoken about often. These cysts appear on the inside of the vagina and occur mostly in women of reproductive age. It is estimated that about two out of ten women will deal with Bartholin’s Cysts at some point in their lifetimes. Bartholin’s Cysts can cause pain and discomfort, as well as issues when it comes to intimacy. Luckily, there are ways to deal with Bartholin’s Cysts, such as laser treatments, that can help remove the cysts and eliminate the problems they cause.
Symptoms of Bartholin’s Cysts
Bartholin’s Cysts can present with different symptoms – in fact, the cysts can be various sizes, and while one woman may have a severe issue with the cysts, others may not realize that they have one at all. However, there are several symptoms associated with Bartholin’s Cysts that can help your doctor make a diagnosis. These symptoms include:
- A small and painless lump right inside the opening of the vagina
- A larger, painful lump inside the opening of the vagina
- Redness around the opening of the vagina
- Discomfort while walking or sitting
- Pain or discomfort during intercourse
If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, especially pain, you should seek medical care.
How Are Bartholin’s Cysts Diagnosed?
When you see a doctor about a Bartholin’s Cyst, the doctor will review your medical records and perform a pelvic exam. This can usually help a doctor diagnose a Bartholin’s Cyst, especially if you are having symptoms. Your doctor may also check for STDs if you are sexually active, or take a biopsy if you are over forty years old.
Causes of Bartholin’s Cysts
Bartholin’s Cyst’s main cause is when the fluid in the glands inside the opening of the vagina backs up and blocks the glands from further secreting fluid. This fluid then forms a cyst. They can also become blocked by extra skin growing over the glands or irritation or injury to the area.
If bacteria enters the gland and the cyst, it can become infected, which is typically when symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and redness, occur.
Treatment for Bartholin’s Cysts
Smaller Bartholin’s Cysts may not require much in terms of treatment, especially if they are not causing any symptoms. If the cyst becomes painful, over-the-counter medication, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, can be taken to help. Sitting in a warm bath can also help treat the cysts.
Another way to help treat Bartholin’s Cysts is CO2 Laser Treatment. This treatment can remove the cyst gently and effectively in an outpatient environment.
If you want to learn more about Bartholin’s Cysts, or to make an appointment, please call the office of Doctor Ghozland today!